WatchOptimism fades as Canadian CEOs see lower growth at home and in

first_img Canada unexpectedly gains almost 67,000 jobs as private-sector hiring hits record Ottawa’s deficit for the year to come in $2 billion lower than expected, says PBO More February 14, 20192:55 PM ESTLast UpdatedFebruary 15, 20192:57 PM EST Filed under News Economy Share this storyOptimism fades as Canadian CEOs see lower growth at home and in key Chinese market Tumblr Pinterest Google+ LinkedIn Twitter Awni Kalkat Related Stories Financial Post Staff Email Canadian CEOs are far less optimistic than before and are increasingly concerned by the gloomy outlook both for their companies and the global economy, according to a new survey.As much as 29 per cent of Canadian CEOs, versus 5 per cent previously, believe global economic growth will decline, according to PricewaterhouseCooper’s annual survey. Overall, 57 per cent don’t expect the global economy to grow, compared to 43 per cent in the previous year’s poll.“While confidence in the year ahead hasn’t shifted drastically over last year, the long-term outlook is on shakier ground: Only 40 per cent are very confident about revenue growth over the next three years, down from 58 per cent in 2018,” PWC said in a report published Wednesday. Canada’s best chances for trade growth may not be in China: McKinsey .S. trade uncertainty is holding back Canadian business investment, Bank of Canada warns Canada’s economy shrinks for the second time in three months The reasons for the pessimism range from trade conflicts to cyber security threats and lack of policy information. However, lack of available skills topped their concerns, with 88 per cent citing it as a key threat to their growth prospects.Canadian CEOs have also soured on the promise of China. Only 12 per cent of CEOs surveyed see the Asian economic giant as a growth market, compared to 53 per cent last year. Canada and China are in the midst of a political standoff after the RCMP arrested Huawei Technologies chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou in Vancouver.Canadian bosses also see the U.S. as slightly less lucrative, with 66 per cent identifying their southern neighbour as a growth market, compared to 88 per cent last year. Germany and the U.K. have also lost their shine for Canadian CEOs, with only Mexico seen as a growing market for the country’s business community.A worker at a textile factory in China. Canadian CEOs have soured on the promise of the country.center_img Comment Stephen Poloz’s dashboard: The latest charts that matter most to the Bank of Canada Facebook Join the conversation → China OUTSR/AFP/Getty Images The Canadian boardroom sentiment is in line with PWC’s global survey, which also suggests that international CEOs were less interested in China and the U.S. as key prospects for growth. Global interest in China has fallen from 33 per cent to 24 per cent year over year, while global interest in the U.S. has declined from 46 per cent to 27 per cent, according to the report.“As Canadian CEOs increasingly look inward for growth opportunities against a tough global economic backdrop, the pressure to transform their businesses has never been greater,” says Nicolas Marcoux, CEO and senior partner at PwC Canada.“The shift away from China and the U.S. creates a golden opportunity for Canadian businesses and governments to collaborate in order to enhance our country’s attractiveness for investment.”Another issue on the top of the minds of CEOs is artificial intelligence, with 84 per cent agreeing that AI will “significantly” change their business in the next five years.Alarmingly, only four out of 10 CEOs said AI existed in the company, and a majority of them said it had limited use in their organizations.“But Canadian CEOs also anticipate AI will disrupt the job market along with their business,” the report noted. “In fact, the availability of important skills is the single-biggest concern in this year’s survey, and 47 per cent agree AI will displace more jobs than it creates in the long run. Closing this gap is critical to properly tackling AI.”akalkat@postmedia.com Reddit 0 Comments Optimism fades as Canadian CEOs see lower growth at home and in key Chinese market Only 12 per cent of CEOs surveyed see China as a growth market, compared to 53 per cent last year last_img read more

Study helps to explain why older adults experience dysphagia

first_img Source:https://www.nyu.edu/ Jul 26 2018As adults age, they all experience a natural loss of muscle mass and function. A new study finds that as the loss of muscle and function in the throat occurs it becomes more difficult for efficient constriction to occur while swallowing – which leads to an increased chance of food and liquids being left over in the throat.The study, published in Dysphagia by Sonja M. Molfenter, an assistant professor of communicative sciences and disorders at New York University’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, and her colleagues, helps to explain why 15 percent of seniors’ experience dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing.Related StoriesAdolescents using multiple sources for prescription drugs at high risk for substance use disordersNew research links “broken heart syndrome” to cancerAMSBIO offers new, best-in-class CAR-T cell range for research and immunotherapyAmong other health issues, swallowing difficulties can lead to malnutrition, dehydration and pneumonia – from food and drinks being misdirected into the lungs. Swallowing difficulties can also have a financial impact. Other studies have demonstrated that when patients with dysphagia are admitted to the hospital, they normally experience a 40 percent longer length-of-stay than those without dysphagia – estimated to cost $547,000,000 per year.Molfenter and her colleagues noted that dysphagia in older adults is particularly relevant as the proportion of seniors in the United States is projected to increase to over 20 percent by 2030.”Dysphagia has serious consequences for health and quality of life,” said Molfenter, the study’s lead author. “This research establishes the need for exercise programs for older adults that target throat muscles just like those that target the muscles of the arms, legs and other parts of the human body.”last_img read more